Thursday, 18 May 2017

Medicinal plants and Uses

Why we need medicinal plants in our daily routine?
The questions comes in our mind when we see any plants with good cure.
So tree like Neem , plant like pudina has medicinal uses hence we need to make plantation for that.
And also Plants like Parijatak , Desibadam , Kunti has their medicinal properties in another term like bottel palm , bottle brush has show plants.
Such Plants like Pichkari we can find at road site.
But if you need to do more creativity then go for saptparni and gulmohar tree.

Friday, 18 March 2016

Flemingia strobilifera

Botanical name : Flemingia strobilifera (Linn.) Ait. & Ait.
   Family : Fabaceae
Flemingia strobilifera
   Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, China, Yunnan, Burma, Malaya, Java, Thailand.
Description : Shrubs, 1–2 m high. Leaves simple, alternate, ovate–lanceolate or oblong, silky pubescent beneath, apex acute, base rounded. Flowers in axillary and terminal racemes. Pods oblong, mucronate, densely pubescent. Seeds 12, dark–brown or black.

Flowering & Fruiting : August – April
Medicinal uses : Roots are used in epilepsy, hysteria and to induce sleep; pounded roots are given in fever. The leaves are used as a vermifuge for children. The Marma tribe uses this plant as fly repellent; decoction of the leaf is taken orally by them to cure body swellings due to cessation of menstruation; bath taken with leaf-boiled water has similar effect. The plant is also used for rheumatic fever.


जड़ें मिर्गी, हिस्टीरिया में और सोने के लिए प्रेरित करती हैं; बुखार में मारे गए जड़ों को दिया जाता है। पत्तियों को बच्चों के लिए एक संभोग के रूप में उपयोग किया जाता है। मर्मा जनजाति मक्खी से बचने वाली इस संयंत्र का उपयोग करता है; मासिक धर्म की समाप्ति के कारण शरीर की सूजन का इलाज करने के लिए पत्ते का काढ़ा उनके द्वारा मौखिक रूप से लिया जाता है; पान-उबले हुए पानी से ली गई स्नान के समान प्रभाव पड़ता है। संयंत्र का उपयोग गठिया के बुखार के लिए भी किया जाता है।

Ficus racemosa Linn | Umber

Scientific classification of ficus-racemosa
kingdom: plantae
Ficus racemosa Linn.
division: magnoliophyta
class: magnoliopsida
order: rosales
family: moraceae
genus: ficus
species: f. racemosa

Common name : Umber
Family : Moraceae
Distribution : India, Indonesia, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam; Australia
Description : Trees, 4-10 m high, much branched, often with well spreading canopy; bark greyish-white or pinkish, smooth. Leaves simple,alternate, ovate-oblong, elliptic-lanceolate, base cuneate or rarely subcordate, apex subacute or subacuminate, entire, subcoriaceous. Figs in large clusters on the main branches and trunks, c 3 cm across, obovoid, pyriform, pale green to red to purplish on ripening. Seeds c 1 mm long, lenticular, smooth.

Flowering & Fruiting : February – June
Medicinal uses : The fruits are considered astringent, stomachic and carminative; given in menorrhagia, haemoptysis, bronchitis, dry cough, diseases of kidney and spleen. The unripe fruit is astringent to the bowels, tonic and styptic; allays thirst, useful in leucorrhoea. The ripe fruit is acrid and cooling; useful in biliousness, burning sensation, fatigue, urinary discharges, thirst, leprosy, menorrhagia and nose bleeding.

Paracalyx scariosus (Roxb.) Ali | Ran ghevada

Paracalyx scariosus (Roxb.) Ali
Botanical name : Paracalyx scariosus (Roxb.) Ali
Common name : Ran ghevada

Family : Fabaceae

Distribution : Native of India, Burma and Siam

Description : Twiners, extensive; stems and branches woody, finely downy or tomentose.  Leaves trifoliate, alternate; Leaflets 3, terminal rhomboid, laterals obliquely ovate, velvety pubescent, apex acute, base rounded. Flowers yellow, in axillary peduncled racemes. Pods oblique, downy, 1–seeded.

Flowering & Fruiting : November – April

Medicinal uses : Used in epilepsy and to induce sleep. The fruit is acrid and bitter, improves taste, appetizer, and astringent to the bowels. The plant enriches the blood, cures biliousness, liver disorders and “kapha”. It is good for throat troubles, causes flatulence. The root is useful for treating dysentery and leucorrhoea and also applied externally along with other drugs to reduce tumors.


Dendrobium barbatulum


: Dendrobium barbatulum
Botanical name : Dendrobium barbatulum Lindl.
Family : Orchidaceae
Distribution : India
Description : Epiphytic herb, Stem 5-10 cm long,  leafless when flowering. Flowers creamy white to bluish-pink, in about 5.8 cm long terminal 5-6-flowered racemes; petals obovate, obtuse, 7-veined; lip 3-lobed, side lobes ovate, obtuse, midlobe obovate, truncate at apex, disc with an oblong callus and yellow hairs.

Flowering & Fruiting : January – July
Medicinal uses : Extract obtained form pseudobulbs is administered orally to treat stomach-ache and improve digestion.


Woodfordia fruticosa (Linn.) Kurz. | Dhayti

Woodfordia fruticosa (Linn.) Kurz
Botanical name : Woodfordia fruticosa (Linn.) Kurz.

Common name : Dhayti

Family : Lythraceae

Distribution : Endemic to India

Description : A straggling leafy shrub; branches long, spreading. Leaves simple, opposite or subopposite, sessile, ovate-lanceolate, acute. Flowers tubular, bright red, numerous, in short 2-15 flowered cymes from the axils of former, less commonly of present leaves. Capsule 1 cm long.

Flowering & Fruiting : April – June
Medicinal uses : Flowers and leaves are stimulant and astringent; used in dysentery, diarrhoea, menorrhagia, leucorrhoea, ulcers, wounds and toothache. Dried flowers are useful in disorders of the mucous membranes, haemorrhoides and derangements of the liver. Leaves are useful in bilious sickness. The bark is uterine sedative and anthelmintic.

Ziziphus rugosa Lamk | Toran

 Ziziphus rugosa Lamk.
Botanical name : Ziziphus rugosa Lamk.

Common name : Toran

Family : Rhamnaceae

Distribution : China, India, Laos, Burma, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Vietnam.

Description : A large straggling shrub, armed with recurved prickles, sometimes climbing; young branches clothed with fulvous tomentum. Leaves elliptic, often rounded from an oblique or cordate base, 5-13 cm long, densely tawny-villous and paler beneath. Flowers small greenish-yellow in cymes, arranged in long axillary or terminal much branched, drooping panicles, often up to 30 cm long. Fruit a drupe, globose or pear-shaped, about 2 cm long.

Flowering & Fruiting : December – Ferbruary
Medicinal uses : The plant bark, roots and fruits are used in treatment of carbuncle, menorrhea, syphilis and ulcer tounge. Stem and root hypotensive. The flowers with an equal quantity of the petioles of the betel leaf and half as much lime are given in 4 grain pills twice a day for menorrhagia.

Tragia involucrata Linn | Aag paan

Tragia involucrata Linn.
Botanical name : Tragia involucrata Linn.
Common name : Aag paan, Khaj-kolti

Family : Euphorbiaceae

Distribution : India and Sri Lanka

Description : Slender, twining herbs with stinging hairs. Leaves ovate or elliptic, base acute or rounded, margin serrate, apex acuminate, hispidulous on both sides. Spikes axillary, monoecious, to 2 cm long; male flowers above, female flowers 1-2, at the base. Capsule 3-lobed, hispid. Seeds globose.

Flowering & Fruiting : November – January
Medicinal uses : Roots are diaphoretic, alterative, diuretic and blood purifier. They are valued in febricula and in itching of the skin, also for pains in legs and arms. Roots are also used in old veneral complaints and externally in enlarged spleen; decoction of the roots is useful in relieving bronchitis and the attendant fever. The fruits are rubbed on head with a little water to cure baldness. Leaf juice is given for Jaundice.


Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq | Thinjhira

Botanical name : Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq image

Common name : Thinjhira

Family : Tiliaceae

Distribution : Throughout the tropics.

Description : Herb, much branched. Leaves rhomboid-ovate, stellate or simple hairy to glabrescent, palmately 3-lobed or not, acute at the apex, cuneate-cordate at base, irregularly serrate. Flowers golden yellow, subsessile. Capsule globose or subglobose, indehiscent, tomentose, glabrous, uncinate spines.

Flowering & Fruiting : August – November
Medicinal uses : Fruits, flowers and leaves are used as demulcent and astringent. Bark and fresh leaves are used in diarrhoea and dysentery. Flowers rubbed with sugar and water is given in gonorrhoea to stop burning. Fruits are believed to promote parturition. Roots are tonic, diuretic and cooling; used in dysentery; hot infusion is taken by the women to facilitate childbirth.