Tulas | ocimum sanctum | vrunda Medicinal uses


तुलसी का पौधा

classification of ocimum sanctum

Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Genus: Ocimum
Species: O. tenuiflorum
Common name is sacred basil, holy basil.
About Nature:
It’s branched erect herb about 80cm high, and hairy all over.

Leaves:-leaves opposite, about 6cm long, margins entire.
hairy on upper as well as lower surface, dotted with minute glands.
About Flowers :- small, purplish or reddish , in small compact clusters on slender spikes.
Fruits :-Fruits small. Seeds yellowish or reddish.
About Location :- Mostly this plant grows in houses,
gardens and most probably in temples and often found as escape.


It is herb with one meter height. the stem and branches are purple in colour . the leaves are small ,aromatic purple in colour and bilibbed. seeds are very small shinning black.

Medicinal uses of ocimum sanctum

तुलसी के पौधे के औषधीय उपयोग

The leave are used for treating skin and bronchial problems. the oil which obtained from the leave has a good property of destorying insects and bacteria. few drops of leaf-juice are used for curing earache. decoction of leaves along with ginger and black pepper ,used in treating cough, cold and fever.
it is very useful in the making of ayurvedic cough syrup .In recently it uses in major ingredient in preparing cosmetics, soaps, shampoos, powders.
this plants seeds and leaves are medicinal.
From leaves oil obtained the property of that oil to destroying bacteria and insects.
the liquid of the leaves useful in bronchitis, digestive complaints,
it is applied locally on ringworm and other skin disease an exotic
east African of this genus namely guarke. It has been cultivated in India in Kashmir.
Utter Pradesh, west Bengal Mysur.
its seeds give internally, relive constipation and piles

position of ocimum sanctum

we can easily find that entire plant is aromatic

Aavla | Amalika | Medicinal uses of Emblica officinalis

Avala leaves
Avala leaves
Avala bark
Avala bark

Classification of Emblica officinalis

Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Flowering plant
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Phyllanthaceae
Tribe: Phyllantheae
Subtribe: Flueggeinae
Genus: Phyllanthus
Species: P. emblica officinalis
Common name: Emblic myrobalan
Family: Euphorbiaceae

Nature of Emblica officinalis
This is a medium-sized deciduous tree, with pimiately compound leaves. it bears a small pale greenish yellow globose shaped fruit, marked with six lobes.

Distribution: Occurs throughout india in plains as well as in coastal districts.

Special characteristics of Emblica officinalis : Its globose fruit, which is larger when cultivated.

Medicinal uses of Emblica officinalis
fruits are s rich source of Vitamin C. it is an effective liver tonic and a mild laxative. it also helps in improving the appetite and digestion. it is one of the main ingredients of “Chavanprash”.
The fruit is a great source of Vitamin C and used in ayurvedic preparations.

Status: A commonly occurring plant of deciduous forests.

Datura stramonium | Dhotra | Kanak | Thorn apple Medicinal uses

Datura stramonium
Datura stramonium

Classification of Datura stramonium :
Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Solanales
Family: Solanaceae
Genus: Datura
Dhatura Plant

Common name: Thorn apple
Family: Solanaceae

Nature of Datura stramonium it is a herb with lot of branching and large leaves.
flowers are large, white and trumpet shaped.
the fruit is oval in shape, with short prickles all over its surface.Distribution: Found all over india in plains, especially on wast places.

Special characteristics of Datura stramonium Its large flowers; and fruits, which split open when ripe.Medicinal uses of Datura stramonium drug consists of dried leaves and seeds.the leaves contain alkaloids hyoscyamine and atropine. the plant is useful in treating bronchitis and asthma, and also has antispasmodic properties.
The plant is used in ayurvedic preparations.position: Common on waste places, as weed.\
The trade names haters and stranomium are based On the scientific name of the plant. In old Indian literature, the plant is referred as”Shivashekhara”, because the flower is believed to be associated with lord Shiva.

Description : – a bushy plant up to about 1m high; leaves large, ovate, toothed. Flowers very large, white. Fruit ovoid, deeply divided into four, covered with long or short prickles.

Distribution : – this plant occurs in temperate Himalayas up to 2500m and in highly regions of central and southern India

Properties :-the drug consists of dried leaves, flowering tops and seeds of the plant the chief active principle in the leaves is hyoscyamine; the drug is , therefore ,useful in the same manner as belladonna or hyoscyamus. The drug is useful in bronchitis or asthma, And controls salivation in mouth; it is antispasmodic and narcotic. The inhalation of smoke from the burning leaves in also good for relieving asthma .the seeds also contain hyoscyamine and have similar properties as the leaves.

Other species

Two other species of the genus datura are useful in medicine.D.Metel L. occurs throughout India in waste places. Its flower are white to yellowish, often violet coloured out side. Fruit have short pickles. In cultivation, the flowers often have double corolla n whorls.

a poultice of its leaves checks inflammation of breasts caused by excessive formation of milk. The leaves and seeds have similar properties as stamonium.

D.Innoxa mill is an exotic plant , but has run wild in several parts of India. The Corolla pf its flowers are 10-angled (not 5-angled as in D.metel). Fruits have very slender prickles and brown seeds. Its leaves have similar properties as stramonium. Expansion of this plant through cultivation has been recommended.

Domestica valenton

Classificaton of Domestica valenton

Kingdom: Plantae
Division : Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order :Urticales
Family :Moraceae
Genus :Curcuma
Species :Longa
Common name: Turmeric

Nature of domestica valenton
It is a A small herb with long and scented leaves, growing in moist situations. the rhizome is a modified stem, which constitutes turmeric.Distribution: Found mostly in peninsular india.

Special characteristics of Domestica valenton
Its rhizome and leaves.

Medicianl uses of Domestica valenton:
The plant contains alkaloid curcumin, used for treating cough and cold.
it is widely used as an antiseptic for clotting blood. turmeric is also used in cosmetic preparations.
position : A common plant under cultivation at various places in india.

Sarpagandha | Rauvolfia serpentina | Sarpakshi Taxonomy


Sarpagandha (Sarpakshi)

classificaion of Rauvolfia serpentina

Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Gentianales

Family: Apocynaceae

Subfamily: Rauvolfioideae

Tribe: Vinceae

Genus: Rauvolfia

Common name: Serpentina Roots

Nature of Rauvolfia serpentina

It is a perennial herb less than a meter in height.
the leaves are long, lanceolate and bright green in colour. they are borne on stem in whorl of three. the flowers are pink or white and are in clusters.
the fruits are small, globose; initially greenish purplbin colour but eventually turning blackish when ripe.

Special characteristics of Rauvolfia serpentina
Its white-pink flowers and berries.

Medicinal uses of Rauvolfia serpentina
Its roots contain several alkaloids. the drug is mostly used as a sedative and for reducing blood pressure.
Used in ayurdice preparations.

position of Rauvolfia serpentina
Due to its heavy demand in medicines, the plant has become extremely rarein the wild.


Helicteres isora | Indian screw-fruit | Murudsheng | scientific classification

Indian screw-fruit

Murudsheng (Murgshrung)

Scientific name: Helicteres isora

Common name: Indian screw-fruit

Family: Sterculiaceae

Nature of Helicteres isorait is a shurb growing around 1.8 meters in height.
the leaves are ovate in shape with a serrate margin.
flowers are bright orange-red in colour when young and turn blackish before fruiting. fruits in a pod, five together forming a screw like structure.

location: mostly this plant Found in moist and deciduous forests

Special characteristics of Helicteres isora
Its orange red flowers and screw shaped fruits.

Medicinal uses of Helicteres isora
Fruits used in treating intestinal complaints, colic pains and flatulence.
roots used in diabetes and in convulsions.

position of Helicteres isora
common in moist forests during rainy season.

Kuda | Kutaj | Holarrhena antidysenterica



Scientific name: Holarrhena antidysenterica

Family: Apocynaceae

Nature of Holarrhena antidysenterica (Kuda)

It is a tall shurb or small tree, evergreen in nature.
leaves are smooth large, ovate in shape; and about 15-31 cms. long and 10 cms. broad.
flowers are cream coloured, fragrant and borne in bunches .
the plant flowers profusely during February-March. fruits are thin and cylindrical, with two follicles attached together at distal ends.
Special characteristics of Holarrhena antidysenterica

Fragrant flowers and twin fruits.

Medicinal uses of Holarrhena antidysenterica

The roots and dried bark of the plant used as antidysentric drug. seeds are used in the treatment of fever and cold.
The plant is considered to be the best remedy for dysentery. the plant used in the ayurvedic preparation “Kutajarishta”. it has a laxative property.

position of Holarrhena antidysenterica
Very common.

Kalalavi | Gloriosa superba | Agnimukhi


Kalalavi (Agnimukhi)
Classification of Gloriosa superba
Agnimukhi Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Liliales
Family: Colchicaceae
Genus: Gloriosa
Common name: Malabar glory lily
Nature of Gloriosa superba:-
An extensive climber on the leaves are elongated and their tips are modified as tendril. this adaptation helps the plant in climbing. the flowers are large, orange red colored and very attractive.

Characteristics of Gloriosa superba: Leaf tips modified into tendrils and beautiful showy flowers.
Medicinal uses of Gloriosa superba: The roots and leaves used in snakebite. leaves given to cattle as antiworm treatment.
Colchicine, an alkaloid obtained from the tubers and seeds fetches high price in the market and used in scientific research.
position of Gloriosa superba: vulnerable in the wild.

Medicinal Shrubs and Under shrubs | Family | Local name| English name

List of 25 Medicinal Shrubs and Under shrubs | Family | Local name| English nameName of the plant Family Local Name English Name

Name of the plant Family   English Name
Abutilon indicum Malvaceae
Acalypha hispida Burm.f. Euphorbiaceae
Acalypha wilkesiana Muelll. Euphorbiaceae Copper leaf
Adeninum obesum Apocynaceae Desert Rose
Asclepia curassavica Linn Asclepiadaceae Wild Ipecacunha
Azanza Lampas Malvaceae
Barleria cristata Linn. Acanthaceae
Barleria prionitis Linn. Acanthaceae
Bixa orellana Linn. Bixaceae Arnatto
Bougainvillaea spectanilis willd. Nyctaginaceae
Breynia retusa Euphorbiaceae
Breynia nivosa Small Euphorbiaceae Cup-in-saucer
Caesalpinia pulcherrima Sw. Caeslpiniaceae Peacock flower
Calliandra emarginata Mimosaceae
Calliandra surinamensis Benth Mimosaceae
Calotropis gigantea Asclepiadaceae
Carissa congesta Wight var. albida Apocynaceae
Cassia alata Linn Caesalpiniaceae
Cassia biflora Linn Caesalpiniaceae
Cestrum diarnum Linn. Solanaceae
Cestrum noctornum Linn. Solanaceae
Chromolaena odorata Asteraceae
Clerodendrum glabrum E.Meyer Verbenaceae
Clerodendrum inerm Verbenaceae

Calathea zebrina | Scientific classification


Calathea zebrina
Calathea zebrina

Scientific classification Calathea zebrina

Kingdom: Plantae
Zebra Image Division: Magnoliophyta
Order: Zingiberales
Family: Marantaceae
Genus: Calathea
A genus closely allied to Maranta.

It contains many beautiful leaved plants.
Propagated by division of tuberous roots.