Friday, 18 March 2016

Flemingia strobilifera

Botanical name : Flemingia strobilifera (Linn.) Ait. & Ait.
   Family : Fabaceae
Flemingia strobilifera
   Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, China, Yunnan, Burma, Malaya, Java, Thailand.
Description : Shrubs, 1–2 m high. Leaves simple, alternate, ovate–lanceolate or oblong, silky pubescent beneath, apex acute, base rounded. Flowers in axillary and terminal racemes. Pods oblong, mucronate, densely pubescent. Seeds 12, dark–brown or black.

Flowering & Fruiting : August – April
Medicinal uses : Roots are used in epilepsy, hysteria and to induce sleep; pounded roots are given in fever. The leaves are used as a vermifuge for children. The Marma tribe uses this plant as fly repellent; decoction of the leaf is taken orally by them to cure body swellings due to cessation of menstruation; bath taken with leaf-boiled water has similar effect. The plant is also used for rheumatic fever.


जड़ें मिर्गी, हिस्टीरिया में और सोने के लिए प्रेरित करती हैं; बुखार में मारे गए जड़ों को दिया जाता है। पत्तियों को बच्चों के लिए एक संभोग के रूप में उपयोग किया जाता है। मर्मा जनजाति मक्खी से बचने वाली इस संयंत्र का उपयोग करता है; मासिक धर्म की समाप्ति के कारण शरीर की सूजन का इलाज करने के लिए पत्ते का काढ़ा उनके द्वारा मौखिक रूप से लिया जाता है; पान-उबले हुए पानी से ली गई स्नान के समान प्रभाव पड़ता है। संयंत्र का उपयोग गठिया के बुखार के लिए भी किया जाता है।

Ficus racemosa Linn | Umber

Scientific classification of ficus-racemosa
kingdom: plantae
Ficus racemosa Linn.
division: magnoliophyta
class: magnoliopsida
order: rosales
family: moraceae
genus: ficus
species: f. racemosa

Common name : Umber
Family : Moraceae
Distribution : India, Indonesia, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam; Australia
Description : Trees, 4-10 m high, much branched, often with well spreading canopy; bark greyish-white or pinkish, smooth. Leaves simple,alternate, ovate-oblong, elliptic-lanceolate, base cuneate or rarely subcordate, apex subacute or subacuminate, entire, subcoriaceous. Figs in large clusters on the main branches and trunks, c 3 cm across, obovoid, pyriform, pale green to red to purplish on ripening. Seeds c 1 mm long, lenticular, smooth.

Flowering & Fruiting : February – June
Medicinal uses : The fruits are considered astringent, stomachic and carminative; given in menorrhagia, haemoptysis, bronchitis, dry cough, diseases of kidney and spleen. The unripe fruit is astringent to the bowels, tonic and styptic; allays thirst, useful in leucorrhoea. The ripe fruit is acrid and cooling; useful in biliousness, burning sensation, fatigue, urinary discharges, thirst, leprosy, menorrhagia and nose bleeding.

Paracalyx scariosus (Roxb.) Ali | Ran ghevada

Paracalyx scariosus (Roxb.) Ali
Botanical name : Paracalyx scariosus (Roxb.) Ali
Common name : Ran ghevada

Family : Fabaceae

Distribution : Native of India, Burma and Siam

Description : Twiners, extensive; stems and branches woody, finely downy or tomentose.  Leaves trifoliate, alternate; Leaflets 3, terminal rhomboid, laterals obliquely ovate, velvety pubescent, apex acute, base rounded. Flowers yellow, in axillary peduncled racemes. Pods oblique, downy, 1–seeded.

Flowering & Fruiting : November – April

Medicinal uses : Used in epilepsy and to induce sleep. The fruit is acrid and bitter, improves taste, appetizer, and astringent to the bowels. The plant enriches the blood, cures biliousness, liver disorders and “kapha”. It is good for throat troubles, causes flatulence. The root is useful for treating dysentery and leucorrhoea and also applied externally along with other drugs to reduce tumors.


Dendrobium barbatulum


: Dendrobium barbatulum
Botanical name : Dendrobium barbatulum Lindl.
Family : Orchidaceae
Distribution : India
Description : Epiphytic herb, Stem 5-10 cm long,  leafless when flowering. Flowers creamy white to bluish-pink, in about 5.8 cm long terminal 5-6-flowered racemes; petals obovate, obtuse, 7-veined; lip 3-lobed, side lobes ovate, obtuse, midlobe obovate, truncate at apex, disc with an oblong callus and yellow hairs.

Flowering & Fruiting : January – July
Medicinal uses : Extract obtained form pseudobulbs is administered orally to treat stomach-ache and improve digestion.


Woodfordia fruticosa (Linn.) Kurz. | Dhayti

Woodfordia fruticosa (Linn.) Kurz
Botanical name : Woodfordia fruticosa (Linn.) Kurz.

Common name : Dhayti

Family : Lythraceae

Distribution : Endemic to India

Description : A straggling leafy shrub; branches long, spreading. Leaves simple, opposite or subopposite, sessile, ovate-lanceolate, acute. Flowers tubular, bright red, numerous, in short 2-15 flowered cymes from the axils of former, less commonly of present leaves. Capsule 1 cm long.

Flowering & Fruiting : April – June
Medicinal uses : Flowers and leaves are stimulant and astringent; used in dysentery, diarrhoea, menorrhagia, leucorrhoea, ulcers, wounds and toothache. Dried flowers are useful in disorders of the mucous membranes, haemorrhoides and derangements of the liver. Leaves are useful in bilious sickness. The bark is uterine sedative and anthelmintic.

Ziziphus rugosa Lamk | Toran

 Ziziphus rugosa Lamk.
Botanical name : Ziziphus rugosa Lamk.

Common name : Toran

Family : Rhamnaceae

Distribution : China, India, Laos, Burma, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Vietnam.

Description : A large straggling shrub, armed with recurved prickles, sometimes climbing; young branches clothed with fulvous tomentum. Leaves elliptic, often rounded from an oblique or cordate base, 5-13 cm long, densely tawny-villous and paler beneath. Flowers small greenish-yellow in cymes, arranged in long axillary or terminal much branched, drooping panicles, often up to 30 cm long. Fruit a drupe, globose or pear-shaped, about 2 cm long.

Flowering & Fruiting : December – Ferbruary
Medicinal uses : The plant bark, roots and fruits are used in treatment of carbuncle, menorrhea, syphilis and ulcer tounge. Stem and root hypotensive. The flowers with an equal quantity of the petioles of the betel leaf and half as much lime are given in 4 grain pills twice a day for menorrhagia.

Tragia involucrata Linn | Aag paan

Tragia involucrata Linn.
Botanical name : Tragia involucrata Linn.
Common name : Aag paan, Khaj-kolti

Family : Euphorbiaceae

Distribution : India and Sri Lanka

Description : Slender, twining herbs with stinging hairs. Leaves ovate or elliptic, base acute or rounded, margin serrate, apex acuminate, hispidulous on both sides. Spikes axillary, monoecious, to 2 cm long; male flowers above, female flowers 1-2, at the base. Capsule 3-lobed, hispid. Seeds globose.

Flowering & Fruiting : November – January
Medicinal uses : Roots are diaphoretic, alterative, diuretic and blood purifier. They are valued in febricula and in itching of the skin, also for pains in legs and arms. Roots are also used in old veneral complaints and externally in enlarged spleen; decoction of the roots is useful in relieving bronchitis and the attendant fever. The fruits are rubbed on head with a little water to cure baldness. Leaf juice is given for Jaundice.


Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq | Thinjhira

Botanical name : Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.
Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq image

Common name : Thinjhira

Family : Tiliaceae

Distribution : Throughout the tropics.

Description : Herb, much branched. Leaves rhomboid-ovate, stellate or simple hairy to glabrescent, palmately 3-lobed or not, acute at the apex, cuneate-cordate at base, irregularly serrate. Flowers golden yellow, subsessile. Capsule globose or subglobose, indehiscent, tomentose, glabrous, uncinate spines.

Flowering & Fruiting : August – November
Medicinal uses : Fruits, flowers and leaves are used as demulcent and astringent. Bark and fresh leaves are used in diarrhoea and dysentery. Flowers rubbed with sugar and water is given in gonorrhoea to stop burning. Fruits are believed to promote parturition. Roots are tonic, diuretic and cooling; used in dysentery; hot infusion is taken by the women to facilitate childbirth.

Pogostemon benghalensis (Burm.f.) Kuntze | Pangli

Botanical name : Pogostemon benghalensis (Burm.f.) Kuntze
 Pogostemon benghalensis (Burm.f.) Kuntze

Common name : Pangli

Family : Lamiaceae

Distribution : India and Nepal

Description : A large bushy shrub; young branches often dark purple. Leaves simple, opposite, ovate, acute, doubly serrate, pubescent or nearly glabrous, base rounded or cuneate. Flowers in dense hoary-pubescent or villous, terminal and axillary, stout spikes, forming a paniculate inflorescence; pink or white.

Flowering & Fruiting : November – February
Medicinal uses : Fresh bruished leaves are used as a cataplasm for cleaning wounds and to heal; juice is used in colic and fever. The root is given in uterine haemorrhage.

Acanthospermum hispidum DC image and discription


Botanical name : Acanthospermum hispidum DC.

title=
Family : Asteraceae
Distribution : Native to South America; naturalized elsewhere.
Description : Annual herbs, up to 50 cm tall, dichotomously branched, hispid, covered with spraeding hirsute glandular hairs. Leaves simple, opposite, elliptic, oblanceolate or obovate, attenuate at base. Heads yellow; ray flowers ligulate, disc flowers tubular 5-lobed. Achenes triangular, covered with stiff hooked bristles and with divergent awns at apex.

Flowering & Fruiting : August – December
Medicinal uses : It possesses antibacterial and antifungal properties. The crushed herb is used in the form of a paste to treat skin ailments and the leaf juice is reportedly used to relieve fevers.

Wednesday, 9 March 2016

Anacardium occidentalis "Kashu " | Rauwolfia vomitoria | Landolphia owariensis

Scientific classification of Anacardium occidentalis
Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Sapindales
Family: Anacardiaceae
Genus: Anacardium
Species: A. occidentale
Botanical Name :Anacardium occidentalis.
Common Name :Kashu , kaju
Useful parts  :Barks and leaves.
Medicinal uses : Extracts of leaves are useful in bath of patients with malaria.
Anacardium occidentalis flores
kaju fruitAnacardium-occidentalis

Scientific classification of Rauwolfia vomitoria
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Apocynaceae
Subfamily: Rauvolfioideae
Tribe: Vinceae
Genus: Rauvolfia
Botanical Name is Rauwolfia vomitoria
Local Name is Urubia ,poison devil's-pepper
Useful parts :Urubia's Roots are useful for medicinal purpose.
Medicinal uses:In Urubia's plants, their root extract useful drank to reduce Labor pain

Botaical Name is Landolphia owariensis
Local Name is Echu ayahi
Family: Apocynaceae
useful parts :Echu ayahi's roots are useful for medicinal purpose.
Medicinal uses : In "Echu ayahi's" plants, Roots extracts used as Vermifuge.

Tuesday, 8 March 2016

List of shrubs

Why we need medicinal plants in our daily routine?
The questions comes in our mind when we seen any plants with good cure.
So Plants like "neem" , "pudina" has medicinal uses hence we need to make plantation for that
And also Plants like "parijatak" , "desibadam" , "kunti" has their medicinal properties in another term like bottle palm , bottle brush has show plants.
Such Plants like "pichkari" we can find at road site.
But if you need to do more creativity then go for "saptparni" and "gulmohar" tree.


List of  shrubs
1.Abelia
2.Actinidia
3.Arctostaphylos
4.Aronia
5.Artemisia
6.Calia
7.Callicarpa
8.Callistemon
9.Callun
10.Calycanthus
11.Camellia
12.Caragana
13.Carpenteria
14.Caryopteris
15.Cassiope
16.Ceanothus
17.Celastrus
18.Fallugia
19.Fatsia
20.Franklinia
21.Fremontodendron
22.Fuchsia
23.Garrya
24.Gaultheria
25.Gaylussacia
26.Genista
27.Gordonia
28.Grevillea
29.Griselinia
30.Sabia
31.Salix
32.Salvia
33.Sambucus
34.Santolina
35.Sapindus
36.Senecio
37.Simmondsia
38.Skimmia

Chromolaena odorata "Iganwaezigana" | Xylopia aethiopica "Uda"

Scientific classification of Chromolaena odorata
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Chromolaena
Species: C. odorata
Botanical Name is Chromolaena odorata
Common Name: is Iganwaezigana
Useful parts:Iganwaezigana's Leaves are useful in medicinlal purpose.
Medicinal uses of Chromolaena odorata:In Chromolaena odorata plants, Leaves extract useful for cuts & wounds for fast
healing.


Scientific classification of Xylopia aethiopica

Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Magnoliales
Family: Annonaceae
Genus: Xylopia
Species: X. aethiopica
Botanical Name : Xylopia aethiopica
Common Name : Uda
useful parts : Seeds
medicinal uses : Powered seeds inhaled by Nursing mother


Xylopiaaethiopica

Amaranthus spinosus "Ineni" | Colocassia esculenta "Ede"

Scientific classification of Amaranthus spinosus
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Amaranthaceae
Genus: Amaranthus
Species: A. spinosus
Binomial name :-Amaranthus spinosus
Botanical Name is Amaranthus spinosus.
Common Name is Ineni.
Useful parts of Amaranthus spinosus : Ineni's Leaves and stem used for medicinal purpose.
Medicinal uses of Amaranthus spinosus :In Amaranthus spinosus's plants, leaves and stem paste with palm oil used to cure
pile and stomach aches.


Scientific classification Colocassia esculenta

Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Alismatales
Family: Araceae
Subfamily: Aroideae
Tribe: Colocasieae
Genus: Colocasia
Species: C. esculenta
Binomial name:-Colocasia esculenta
Botanical Name is Colocassia esculenta
Common Name is Ede

Useful parts of : Leaves are useful for medicinal purpose.
Medicinal uses of Colocassia esculenta:For Colocassia esculenta plants,its Leaves extract useful in heal Cracked foot
heels.

Dacryodes edulis | Dennettia tripetala | Acanthus montanus


Scientific classification of Dacryodes edulis
Dacryodes_edulis

Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Burseraceae
Genus: Dacryodes
Species: D. edulis
Botanical Name : Dacryodes edulis
Common Name :Ube

Useful parts of Dacryodes edulis : Stem bark
Medicinal uses : Bark powder made into paste with Honey and rubbed on the body which helps to reduce body aches.

Scientific classification of Dennettia tripetala
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Magnoliids
Order: Magnoliales
Family: Annonaceae
Genus: Uvariopsis
Species: U. tripetala
Botanical Name : Dennettia tripetala
Common Name : Umimi

Useful pats of Dennettia tripelata(Umimi): Alcoholic extract of roots




Scientific classification of Acanthus montanus



Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Acanthaceae
Genus: Acanthus
Species: A. montanus
Binomial name:
Acanthus montanus
Common Name : Agamsoso .

Useful parts  :Acanthus montanus's roots used in any kind of medicinal purpose.
Medicinal uses of Acanthus montanus's roots : Root extracts useful in bath to Relieve aches and pains.

Acanthus montanus

Adansonia digitata | Ananas comosus | Canarium schweinfurthii

Scientific classification of of Canarium schweinfurthii  
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Eudicotyledoneae
Subclass: Rosidae
Order: Sapindales
Family: Burseraceae
Genus: Canarium
Botanical Name: Canarium schweinfurthii
Common name: Ubemgbada
Family: Burseraceae
Useful parts of Canarium schweinfurthii (Ubemgbada) : Stem barks are useful for medicinal purpose.
Medicinal uses : Powder of stem bark with potash applied on the swollen limbs of pregnant women.

Scientific classification of Adansonia digitata

Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malvales
Family: Malvaceae
Genus: Adansonia
Species: A. digitata
Binomial name:Adansonia digitata

Common Name : Agba
Useful parts of Adansonia digitata (Agba) : Fruits pulps leaves and roots are useful .
Medicinal uses :Extract of the fruit pulp used as eye drop to curemeasles. Leaves useful in treatment of liver and kidney
diarrhoea.
Powdered roots given for malaria treatment.

Adansonia digitata


Scientific classification of Ananas comosus

Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Bromeliaceae
Subfamily: Bromelioideae
Genus: Ananas
Species: A. comosus
Botanical Name : Ananas comosus
Common name : Parapu

Useful parts of Ananas comosus (Parapu) : fruits .
Medicinal uses : fruit's recommended for eating during High fever.

ananas

Vernonia anmgdalina | Palisota hirsuta | Carica papaya


Scientific classification of Vernonia anmgdalina
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Vernonia
Species: V. amygdalina
Binomial name:Vernonia amygdalina
Common Name : Onugbu
Useful parts : Leaves and stems
Medicinal uses : Leaves and stem chewed to cure stomach, aches.


Scientific classification Palisota hirsuta

Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Commelinales
Family: Commelinaceae
Genus: Palisota
Botanical Name : Palisota hirsuta
Common Name : Okpete
Useful parts of Okpete: Roots & Leaves
Medicinal uses :roots juice used for treatment of gonorrhea and also leaves extracts used to stop wound bleeding.


Scientific classification of Carica papaya
Kingdom: Plantae
papaya tree
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Brassicales
Family: Caricaceae
Genus: Carica
Species: C. papaya
Binomial name :-Carica papaya
Common Name: Mgbimgbi,Papai , Papita ,Pangf.

Useful parts of Carica papaya: Leaves
Medicinal uses :its Leaves extract useful in malaria.
Papayas can be used as a food, a cooking aid, and in medicine.
The stem and bark are also used mostly in rope production.
papaya_leaf

Telfairia occidentalis | Cnestis ferruginea | Combretum racemosum


Scientific classification of Telfairia occidentalis
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Cucurbitales
Family: Cucurbitaceae
Genus: Telfairia
Species: T. occidentalis
Binomial name:Telfairia occidentalis
Common Name :Ovee.
Useful parts of Telfariria occidentalis : Leaves.
Medicinal uses : Leaves extract used for treatment of convulsions in children.



Scientific classification of Cnestis ferruginea
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Myrtales
Family: Combretaceae
Genus: Combretum
Botanical Name : Cnestis ferruginea
Common Name : Ogbakpee .
Useful parts of Ogbakpee: Leaves are useful for the medicinal purpose.
Medicinal uses : Decoration of leaves used for dysentery


Scientific classification of Combretum racemosum
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Myrtales
Family: Combretaceae
Genus: Combretum
Botanical Name: Combretum racemosum
Common Name : Inenenwata.
Useful parts of Combretum racemosum : its Roots and leaves are useful in the medicinal purpose.
Medicinal uses : Decoction of the roots and leaves are useful for abortion.

Oryza sativa | Ocimum viride"Nchanwu" | Vaccinium myrtillus

Scientific classification of Oryza sativa(Rice)
Oryza sativa inflorescence
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Angiosperms
Class: Monocots
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Genus: Oryza
Species: O. sativa
Botanical Name :Oryza sativa
Common Name: Osikapa
Useful parts of the Osikapa : Grains
Medicinal uses : grain extract used to cure body rashes.





Scientific classification of Ocimum viride


Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom : Tracheobiont
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Subfamily: Nepetoideae
Tribe: Ocimeae
Gender: Ocimum
Species: O. gratissimum
Binomial name:Ocimum gratissimum
Botanical Name : Ocimum viride
Common Name : Nchanwu

Useful parts of the Ocimum viride(Nchanwu) plant : Leaves
Medicinal uses :This plants , Burnt leaves drives away ants (especially when there is white ants).


Scientific classification of Vaccinium myrtillus

Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Ericales
Family: Ericaceae
Genus: Vaccinium
Species: V. myrtillus
Binomial name:Vaccinium myrtillus
Botanical Name :Vaccinium myrtillus
Common Name :Uri
Medicinal uses : Fruit juice remedy for joint aches

Saccharum officinarium | Garcinia kola heckle | Euphorbia heterophylla

Scientific classification of Saccharum officinarium
Saccharum officinarum image


Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Genus: Saccharum


Botanical Name : Saccharum officinarium
Comon Name : Ichara ucho
Medicinal uses of Saccharum officinarium : Stem juice gives to any malaria patients to rest orate vitality.




Scientific classification of Garcinia kola heckle

Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Theales
Family: c
Genus: Garcinia
Species: G. kola

Botanical Name : Garcinia kola heckle
common Name: Akuinu
Useful parts of Garcinia kola heckle:its Seeds are useful for the medicinal purpose
Medicinal uses : this plants Seeds are useful in cough and catarrh.



Scientific classification of Euphorbia heterophylla

Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Rosidae
(unranked): Eurosids I
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Subfamily: Euphorbioideae
Tribe: Euphorbieae
Subtribe: Euphorbiinae
Genus: Euphorbia
Species: E. heterophylla
Botanical Name : Euphorbia heterophylla
Common Name : Ogwu-evo-osisa

Useful parts of Euphorbia heterophylla : Leaves .
Medicinal uses : Cleans the stomach and cures constipation by causing purging of the stomach .




Cassytha fili | Albizia gummifera | Pentaclethra macrophylla

scientific classification of Cassytha fili

Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Magnoliids
Order: Laurales
Family: Lauraceae

Botanical Name : Cassytha fili.
Common Name : Gbanigerige
Useful parts of Gbanigerige :Stem .
Medicinal uses : his plants stem used during epilepsy attack.



Scientific classification of Albizia gummifera

Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Rosidae
(unranked): Eurosids I
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Mimosoideae
Tribe: Ingeae
Genus: Albizia


Botanical Name : Albizia gummefera
Common Name: Ogwu akpee
Useful parts of Albizia gummefera(Ogwu akpee): plants roots
Medicinal uses : Roots paste with salt and pepper used for scorpion bites.


Pentaclethra macrophylla

Common Name : Akpaka
Family: Leguminosae
Useful parts  :Stem bark
Medicinal uses : Stem bark paste used to counter act the effect of poison.

Dialium guinense wild | Musa paradisiacal | Vitellaria paradoxa


Scientific classification of Dialium guineense wild

Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Mangoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Fagales
Family: Leguminosae
Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
Genus: Dialium
Species: D. indum

Botanical Name :Dialium guinense wild
Common Name : Unuagu
Useful parts  : Leaves
Medicinal uses of Dialium guinense wild :Decoction of leaves used for stomach ache.

Scientific classification of Musa paradisiaca


Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Zingiberales
Family: Musaceae
Genus: Musa
Botanical Name: Musa paradisiaca
Parts used: Leaves
Medicinal uses: Decoction of leaves used to cure swollen stomach.


Banana

Scientific classification of Vitellaria paradoxa
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Ericales
Family: Sapotaceae
Genus: Butyrospermum
Species: B. parkii
Botanical Name: Vitellaria paradoxa
Common Name: Osisiekwume
useful part: Fruit
Medicinal uses : Fruit oil used for body pains and aches.

vitellaria paradoxa Image


Senna occidentalis | Milicia excelsa | Lophira alata


Scientific classification of Senna occidentalis
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Angiospermae
(unranked): Eudicots
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
Tribe: Cassieae
Subtribe: Cassiinae
Genus: Senna
Botanical Name: Senna occidentalis
Common Name: Uri-Oka
Useful part: Leaves
Medicinal uses : Leaves extract used for cure of malaria and also crushed leaves used for eczema.
Senna occidentalis image




Scientific classification of Milicia excelsa
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Urticales
Family: Moraceae
Genus: Milicia
Species: M. excelsa
Botanical Name: Milicia excelas
Comon Name: Uko
Useful part: Roots & leaves
Medicinal uses: Decoction of leaves or roots cure stomach aches.
Milicia_excelsa%2B-image


Scientific classification of Lophira alata
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Ochnaceae
Genus: Lophira
Species: L. alata
Botanical Name: Lophira alata
Common Name: Ugiri Nwautobo
Useful part: Leaves
Medicinal uses: Paste of the leaves with potash and local gin used for fast healing of wounds.

Nicotiana tabacum | Celtis durandi | Cassia Tora


Scientific classification of Nicotiana tabacum

Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Solanales
Family: Solanaceae
Subfamily: Nicotianoideae
Tribe: Nicotianeae[1]
Genus: Nicotiana
Botanical Name: Nicotiana tabacum
Common Name: Anwuru

Useful parts: Leaves
Medicinal uses : Leaf paste with palm oil and potash used to cure tooth ache.

Nicotiana tabacum.JPG



Scientific classification of Celtis durandii

Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
(unranked): Eudicots
Order: Rosales
Family: Cannabaceae
Genus: Celtis

Botanical Name: Celtis durandii
Common Name: Egid
Useful part: Roots
Medicinal uses: Alcoholic extract of roots used for malaria and fever.

Celtis


Medicinal plant :Cassia Tora
Family : caesalpiniaceae
Common names:Chakunda , Chagocha , Takla.
Description  :An annual herb , leaves pinnate with 3 pairs of leaflets, flowers , in pair .
medicinal uses of Cassia Tora :leaves were largely used as a green during famines .
Cassia Tora

Poisonous plants List in india with Common names and Family


List of Indian poisonous plants with Common names and Family
Sr no
Scientific name(Botanical names)
Common names
Family
1
Albizzia Procera
Safed-sirish, Kinhai
Mimosaceae
2
Amorphophalus Campanultus
Suran
Araceae
3
Anacardium Occidentale
Kaju
Anacardiaceae
4
Anamitra Cocculus
Kakamari
Menispermaceae
5
Calotropis Gigantia
Rui
Akdo
6
Cannabis sativa
Bhang,Bhangi
Urticaceae
7
Calotropis Procera
Madar
Asclepiadaceae
8
Casearia Graveolens
Chilla, Bokhara
Samydaceae
9
Cerbera Odollam
Sukanu , Honde
Apocynaceae
10
Croton Tiglium
Jamalgota , Japala, danti
Euphorbiaceae
11
Cucumis Trigonus
Hislambi, Karit
Cucurbitaceae
12
Datura Fastuosa
Kala-dhatura
Solanaceae
13
Jatropa Curcas
Mogali-erand
Euphorbiaceae
14
Jatropha Multifida
Vilayati haralu
Euphorbiaceae
15
Kalanchoe Spathulata
Panphutti
Crassulaceae
16
Maesa indica
Atki, Gudda-hurgi
Myrsineae
17
Moringa Oleifera
Sajina , Guggala
Moringaceae
18
Mundulea Suberosa
Supti
Papilionaceae
19
Plumbago rosea
Lalchita
Plumbaginaceae
20
Randia dumetorum
Gela
Rubiaceaea
21
Ricinus communis
Erand
Euphorbiaceae
22
Sapium insigne
Linda
Euphorbiaceae
23
Securingega virosa
Patala , pandharpali
Euphorbiaceae
24
Strychnos colubrine
Kajra-vel
Loganiaceae
25
Strychuos nux-vomica
Kajra , kuchala
Loganiaceae
26
Terminalia bellarica
Behada
Combretaceae
27
Walsura piscidia
-
Meliaceae

Famine plants List of India with family and common name

List of Indian Famine plants with family and common name
Sr no.
Scientific names(Botanical names)
Common names
Family
1
Abrus Precatorious
Gunja
Papilionaceae
2
Abutilon muticum
Karandi
Malvaceae
3
Acacia Leucophloea
Hivar
Mimosaceae
4
Acalypha Indica
Khokali
Euphorbiaceae
5
Aerua Lanata
Kapuri,madhuri
Amarantaceae
6
Bambusa Bambos
Spiny Bamboo, bans
Gramineae
7
Bambusa Vulgaris
Striped Bomboo
Gramineae
8
Boerhaavia Repanda
Punarnava
Nyctaginaceae
9
Borassus Flabellifer
Tad
Palmaceae
10
Cassia Auriculata
Kanphuti
Sapindaceae
11
Cassia Auriculata
Awal
Caesalpiniaceae
12
Cassia Occidentalis
Kasundari
Caesalpiniaceae
13
Cassia Sophera
Rantakla
Caesalpiniaceae
14
Cassia Tora
Chakunda
Caesalpiniaceae
15
Commenlina Nudiflora
Gandogli, Kena
Commelinaceae
16
Crinum Deflexum
Nag-devana
Amaryllidaceae
17
Euphorbia hirta
Dudhi, Govardhan
Euphorbiaceae
18
Ficus Bengalensis
Vad
Urticaceae
19
Ficus Religiosa
Pimpal
Urticaceae
20
Ipomea Reniformis
Undirkani
Convolvvulaceae
21
Ipomea Sepiaria
Amti-vel
Convolvvulaceae
22
Madhuca Indica
Mahua
Sapotaceae
23
Madhuka Longifolia
Mahuda
Sapotaceae
24
Marsdenia Volubilis
Dodhi, Dudhika
Ascelepiadaceae
25
Melia Azadirachta
Nim , Nimba
Meliaceae
26
Morinda Citrifolia
Bartondi
Rubiaceae
27
Santalum Album
Chandan, Gandha
Santalaceae
28
Solanum Nigrum
Makoi
Solanaceae
29.
Tamarindus Indica
Imli , Amli
Caesalpiniaceae