Monday, 29 February 2016

bhustrina | rajpatha

Classification of cymbopogum citratus
bhustrina

kingdom: plantae
order: poales
family: poaceae
genus: cymbopogon
species: c. citratus
Common name is bhustrina.
Useful parts of cymbopogum citratus:-Its leaves are useful and oil also useful in the medicinal purpose.



Classification of curcuma amada
ambehalad

kingdom: plantae
order: zingiberales
family: zingiberaceae
subfamily: zingiberoideae
tribe: zingibereae
genus: curcuma
Common name is ambehalad .
Useful parts of -Its rhizomes are useful.
Medicinal use of curcuma amada:- It is useful in the pimples,skin disease..


nagar-mustak. | putravnti | harli

Classification of cyperus eleusinoides.

kingdom: plantae
nagar mustak
order: poales
family: cyperaceae
genus: cyperus
Common name and local name:- nagar-mustak.
Useful parts : its roots are useful in the medicinal purpose.
Medicinal uses of cyperus eleusinoides:-It is useful in the diuretics, gonorrhoea and syphilis.


Drypetes-roxburghii  | putravnti

Common name is putravanti.
Drypetes

Useful parts :- Basically its fruits are used in medicinal purpose.

Medicinal uses of Drypetes-roxburghii :- It is useful in blood pressure.


Classificaiton of  harli
kingdom: plantae
Order: poales
Family: poaceae
Genus: cynodon
Species: c. dactylon
Common name is harli ,durva, shat purva.

Useful parts :- It roots ,stem,leaves and flowers are useful.

Medicinal uses of Cynodon dactylon:- It is useful in emetic,piles,Oligouria,psychotic disorders.

Eclipta-Alba "Maka"

Classification Of Eclipta-Alba
Kingdom: Plantae
Maka
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Eclipta
Species: E. alba
common name is Maka.
useful parts of Eclipta Alba:- mostly its roots are useful  and also
its stem ,leaves,seeds are useful in the medicinal purpose.
medicinal uses of Eclipta Alba:- it is useful in headache,growth of hair, pain in ear.


Ficus -benghalensis 'vad' | Ficus-religiosa 'Peepal'


Classification Of Ficus -benghalensis
bargad

Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Rosidae
Order: Rosales
Family: Moraceae
Tribe: Ficeae
Genus: Ficus

Common name is VAD.
Useful parts : bark,latex,leaves,fruit used in the medicinal purpose.
Medicinal uses of Ficus benghalensis This is a tree which is useful in the wound,oedima,eye disease, skin disease,dysentery.




Ficus-religiosa | Peepal
pipal

common name is ashvattha or peepal
useful part ;-it is useful bark,fruit,root and latex.
medicinal uses of ficus religiosa ;-indigestion,skin infection,wound healer,burns,diarroeha and dysentery.


Ancistrocladus heyneanus "hukwel" | badishep

hukwel image
Scientific classification of Ancistrocladus heyneanus

Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Ancistrocladaceae
Genus: Ancistrocladus
common name is hukwel.
useful parts of ancistrocladus heyneanus:- its root uses in anti-aids.
medicinal uses of ancistrocladus heyneanus:- useful in anti-aids.



badishep image
Cassification of foeniculum vulgare:-
kingdom: plantae

order: apiales
genus: foeniculum
Common name is badishep.
Useful part  ;-it is useful fruit,oil and root.
Medicinal uses of foeniculum vulgare ;-its useful part in stomachache,.paralysis,pain and piles.




Annona Sqamosa "sitaphal" | antidesma ghasembilla "umtao"

Annona squamosa | Sitafal images
sitafal images
Annona squamosa fruit
Annona squamosa fruit  images




Scientific classification of Annona squamosa
Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Magnoliales
Family: Annonaceae
Genus: Annona
Species: A. squamosa
Binomial name:-Annona squamosa.

Common names:-English . Custard Apple, Sweet-sop;
Gujrati. Anuram, Sitaphal, Sharipha ;
Marathi. Sitaphal.



Description about Annona squamosa
A small tree largely cultivated in gardens ; domesticated and wild in the forests
Three varieties;
  1. Green, which is most common and popular and is the best.
  2. Yellow
  3. the last one is Red.
Annona squamosa description about Fruits
The fruit is exclusively consumed locally.
The white pulp having the consistency of soft butter is used to flavor ice-puddings.
Seeds contain an insecticidal principle.

Antidesma ghasembilla
common name is umtao.
useful parts of :- its wood and barks are useful.
medicinall uses of antidesma ghasembilla:- it is useful in astringent. and also useful to making of tonic.

Common name is Vidhanga.
Useful parts -its berries,root ,barks and leaves are useful.
Medicinal use of Embelia Basal:-it is useful in the piles, sore throat,dyspepsia.




"supari" areca catechu | Aristolochia Indica"ishwari"

ishwari flower

Scientific classification of Aristolochia Indica
Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Piperales
Family: Aristolochiaceae
Genus: Aristolochia
Common and Local   name is sapsan , dutchman's pipe and ishwari.
Useful parts of aristolochia indica:-Its root and leaves are useful in medicinal purpose.
Medicinal uses of aristolochia indica:- it is useful in purgative, anthelmintic, emmenogogue, eczema in children.


supari

Scientific classification of Areca catechu
Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Arecales
Family: Arecaceae
Genus: Areca
Species: A. catechu
Binomial name:-Areca catechu
Common names:
English :- Areca Nut Palm
Gujrati . Hopari, Sopari;
Hindi. Supiyari
The seed is mainly used as a masticatory together with betel leaf.
The seed contains tannic acid, fat and arecidine, gnvacine and arecolodine.
Useful parts :- its nuts are useful.
Medicinal uses of areca catechu:-it is useful in astringent , nervine tonic, urinary disorders.

Melia Azedarach "mahanimba" | mammea longifolia "surangi"

mahanimba

Scientific classification of Melia Azedarach
Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Sapindales
Family: Meliaceae
Genus: Melia
Common and local  name is mahanimba, bakanimb.
Useful parts  :-its useful parts are root, bark, fruit and leaves oil.
Medicinal uses of melia azedarach :- it is useful in alexiphormic, nervous headache and in diuretic.



cientific classification of mammea longifolia

Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Clusiaceae
Subfamily: Kielmeyeroideae
Tribe: Calophylleae
Genus: Mammea
Common and local  name is surangi

Useful part of mammea longifolia;-it is useful in stamen.
Medicinal uses of mammea longifolia ;- it is useful in haemorrhoides and stiumulation.


lokhandi | nagkesar

Memecylon umbellatum
lokhandi

Common and local  name is lokhandi, iron woodtree, anjan.
Useful part :-its fruit,leaves and roots are useful.
Medicinal uses of memecylon umbellatum;- it is useful in burningsensation, conjuntivitis, leucorrhoea and gonorrhoea.





Mesua ferra
Nagkeshar

Common and local  name is nagkesar.
Useful part ;- its flower,fruit bark and leaves are useful..
Medicinal uses of meusa ferra :-it is useful in astringent,dysentery and sudorific.


Mimusops elengi | Mezoneuron Cueullatus

bakulah flower

Scientific classification of mimusops elengi 

Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Ericales
Family: Sapotaceae
Genus: Mimusops
Species: M. elengi


Common and local  name is bakulah, bolariri.
Useful part ;-its bark, flower and fruit are useful .
Medicinal uses of mimusops elengi;-it is useful in astringent, pungent, digestive, gum and teeth, intestinalworms.


Mezoneuron Cueullatus

Common name is wakeri.

Useful part of mezoneuron cueullatus;-it is root is useful.

Medicinal uses of mezonaeuron cueullatus;-it is useful in strength and vigour.



Momordica Charantia | Moringa pterygosperma

bittergouard

Scientific classification of Momordica Charantia

Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Cucurbitales
Family: Cucurbitaceae
Genus: Momordica
Species: M. charantia

Common  and local name is karle,bittergouard.
Useful part of momordida charantia;-its root, leaf, stem, fruit and flower are useful.

Moringa pterygosperma

Common and Local  name :- sigruh, mushik.
Useful part  ;-its ,bark, leaves, flower and fruit are useful.
Medicinal uses of moringa pterygosperma ;-bladderstone, rubefacient, swellings, intestinal worms, indigestion, animal poisoning and abscesses.


Murraya Paniculata "Marchula" | Mucuna Pruiens "Atmagupta"


Scientific classification of Murraya Paniculata

Kingdom: plantae
Order: Sapindales
Family: Rutaceae
Genus: Murraya
Species: M. paniculata
Common and local  name is marchula.

Useful part of murraya paniculata;-its bark , root, leaves, bark of stem are useful.

Medicinal uses of murraya paniculata;-it is useful in body ache, application to fresh cuts, anti
diarrhoeal.



Scientific classification of Mucuna Pruiens

Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Faboideae
Species: M. pruriens

Common name is atmagupta.

Useful part of Mucuna pruiens ;-its seeds, pods and root are useful.

Medicinal uses of Mucuna pruiens;-it is useful in nervines tonic in scorpion and sting.

Myrtus Communis "Vilayiti Mehndi" | Myritica Fragrans Hout " Jaiphal"

Scientific classification of Myrtus Communis
vilayati mehandi

Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Myrtales
Family: Myrtaceae
Genus: Myrtus

Common and local  name is vilayiti mehndi.

Useful part of myrtus communis;- its leave , fruit, essential oil of leaves useful.

Medicinal uses of myrtus communis;-it is useful in astringent, epilepsy, dyspepsia, diseases of stomach and liver,rheumatism.



Scientific classification of Myritica Fragrans Hout

Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Magnoliales
Family: Myristicaceae
Genus: Myristica
Common and local  name is jaiphal

Useful part ;-its seed oil useful.

Medicinal uses of myristica fragrans hout;- it is useful in carminative, stomach problem, nausea and vomiting.

Parijatak(Nyctanthes Arbortristis ) | Karpur tulsi- (Ocimum kilimandshericum) | Ocimum bascilium " Sabja"

Scientific classification of Nyctanthes Arbortristis
parijatak


Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Lamiales
Family: Oleaceae
Genus:  Nyctanthes
Species: N. arbor-tristis
Common and local  name  :- sephalika, parijatak.
Useful part  ;-its bark and leave useful.
Medicinal uses of nyctanthes arbortristis;-it is useful in fever, anti pyretic, anti spasmodic, anodyne and rheumatism.


Ocimum kilimandshericum

Common name is Karpur-tulsi.
useful parts :-its leaves are useful in medicinal purpose.
medicinal uses of Ocimum Kilimandshericum:- it is useful in making of tooth paste and mouth wash.



Scientific classification of Ocimum bascilium(sabja)
sabja

Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Genus:  Ocimum
Common name is sabja.
Useful parts of ocimum bacilicum:-its leaves and root useful in the medicinal purpose.
medicinal uses of ocimum bacilicum:- it is useful in diuretic, stimulant, demulcent and chronic diarrhoea.


Phanya nivadung | Opuntia cochenillifera | opuntia ficus indica

Scientific classification of Opuntia cochineliufera

Common names : Cactus extract, opuntia, cactus plants, opuntia ficus indica.

nivadung

Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Cactaceae
Subfamily: Opuntioideae

Common name is Phanya-nivadung.
Useful parts :- its fruits and plants are useful in medicinal purpose.

Medicinal uses of opuntia cochenillifera :- it is useful in mildly laxative.

Chitrak - Plumbargo zeylanica | Kranja - Pongamia pinnata | Narvel- Premna mucronata

Scientific classification of Plumbargo zeylanica
chitrak

Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Plumbaginaceae
Genus: Plumbago

Common names is Chitrak.
Useful parts of Plumbargo zeylanica:-its roots are useful in the medicinal purpose.
Medicinal uses of Plumbargo zeylanica:- it is useful in skin-disease,dyspepsia and piles.


Scientific classification of Pongamia pinnata
karanja

Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Genus: Pongamia
Species: P. pinnata

Common name is Karanja.

Useful parts of pomgamia pinnata:- its seeds and oil which obtained from seeds and leaves are useful.
Medicinal usese of pomgamia pinnata:-it is useful in skin-disease, scabies, ulcers, internal bleedings and fistulous sores.


Common  and Local name is narvel.
Useful parts -Its leave are  useful in medicinal purpose.
medicinal uses of premna mucronata:-it is useful in lactation.


Chopchini (Smilex chinensis) | Mahabala(Sida rhombifolia) | Tetu (Proxylum indicum)

Chopchini 
Smilax_china

Botanical name is Smilex chinensis.
Common name is Chopchini.
Useful parts :- its roots are useful in the medicinal purpose.  medicinal uses of Smilex chinensis:- it is useful in the chronic rheumatism, syphilis and very useful in the skin disease.


Mahabala
mahabala

Scientific classification of Sida rhombifolia
Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Malvales
Family: Malvaceae
Genus: Sida
Species: S. rhombifolia
Common name is mahabala.
Useful parts :-its seeds and roots are useful in the medicinal purpose.
Medicinal uses of Sida rhombifolia:- it is useful in the making of tonic.


Tetu 
Tetu

Proxylum indicum
common name is Tetu, Shyonaka.
Useful parts :- its root and barks are useful in the medicinal purpose.
Medicinal uses of proxylum indicum:- it is useful in purgative, carminative and also useful in the making of tonic.

Mothi ringni "Solanum violaceum" | Kate ringni "Solanum xanthocarpum" | Black-night shade "Solanum nigrum"

Mothi ringni
Mothi ringni

Botanical name :- Solanum violaceum
Common name :-Mothi ringni , dorli
Useful parts of Solanum violaceum:- its roots and fruits are useful in the medicinal purpose.
Medicinal uses of Solanum violaceum:- it is useful in asthma,dry cough and chronic febrile infections.

Kate ringni
Kate ringni

Botanical name is solanum xanthocarpum
common name is kate ringni.
useful parts of Solanum tanthocarpum:- its roots , stem,  leaves, fruit and flowers are useful in the medicinal purpose.


kakmachi
kakmachi

Classification of Solanum nigrum
Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Solanales
Family: Solanaceae
Genus: Solanum
Species: S. nigrum
Common name is Black-night shade, kakmachi.
Useful parts of Solanum nigrum:- its root ,stem , and flower with fruits are so useful in medicinal purpose.
Medicinal uses of Solanum nigrum:-it is useful in skin-disease, emesis, oedema.

Sunday, 28 February 2016

Akkalkara ( Spilanthes acmella) | Jitsaya (Spermadictyon suaveolens) | Bhui | Solarium virginianum


Scientific classification of  Spilanthes acmella

Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Acmella
Species: A. oleracea
common name is Akkalkara.
useful parts of Spilanthes acmella :- its flowers ,seeds and plants are useful in the medicinal purpose.
medicinal uses of  Spilanthes acmella :- it is useful in mostly toothache.


botanical name is Spermadictyon suaveolens
common name is JITSAYA.


useful parts of Spermadictyon suaveolens:- its roots are useful in the medicinal purpose.

medicinal uses of Spermadictyon suaveolens:- it is useful in oedema,rheumatoid arthritis.



botanical name is Solarium virginianum
common name is  bhui.
useful parts of Solarium virginianum:-its roots are useful in the medicinal purpose.
medicinal uses of Solarium virginianum:- it is useful in asthma, chast pain and expectorant.


Syzygium aromaticum(lavang) | Strychnos num-vomica(Kajra) | Sterospermum cheloeniiodes

classification of Syzygium aromaticum

lavang

Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Myrtales
Family: Myrtaceae
Genus: Syzygium
Species: S. aromaticum
common name is lavang, clove.
useful parts of Syzigium aromaticum:- its bud is uses in medicinal purpose.
medicinal uses of Syzigium aromaticum:- it is useful in heart disease, indigestion and loss of appetite.


Botanical name :- Strychnos num-vomica
Common name is Kunchala, Kajra.
Kajra
Useful parts:- its bark and seeds are usese in the medicinal purpose.
Medicinal uses of strychnos num-vomica:- it is useful in general weakness and local inflammation chronic diarroea.



Botanical name:- Sterospermum cheloeniiodes
common name is  Patoli.
Useful parts of Sterospermum cheloeniiodes:- its roots ,flowers,leaves and barks are useful in the Medicinal purpose.

Medicinal uses of Sterospermum cheloeniiodes:- it is useful in febrifuge.




Potki ( Basella albavar) | Danti ( Baliospermum solanifolium) | Ingla (Balanites aegyptica)

Potki | Basella albavaringla
Potki

Scientific name:-Basella albavar .
Common name is Potkai.
Useful part ;-its leaves are useful in the medicinal purpose.
Medicinal uses of Basella albavar;-it is useful in diuretic, gonnorhea, urticari and constipation.




Danti |  Baliospermum solanifolium.
Danti

Scientific name:- Baliospermum solanifolium.
Common name :- Danti, hakun, dantimul, jamalagota.
Useful part :-its root is useful .
Medicinal uses of Baliospermum solanifolium;-it is useful in purgative.



Ingla | Balanites aegyptiaca

ingla
Scientific name:-Balanites aegyptica
Common name is gaudi, hingan, hingot,ingla
Useful part ;-it is seeds, bark, fruit, seed oil and leaves are useful in the medicinal purpose.
Medicinal uses of Balanities aegyptica;- It is useful in anti bacterial, loss of appetite, pain in abdomen.a

Bauhinia variegata | Bauhinia racemosa | Bauhinia purpurea

Bauhinia variegata
kanchanar

Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
Tribe: Cercideae
Genus: Bauhinia
Species: B. variegata
Common name is kanchan, kanchanar.
Useful part ;-its bark and flowers are useful in the medicinal purpose.
Medicinal uses of Bauhinia variegata ;-it is useful in anti bacterial and diseases.



Bauhinia racemosa
shwet kanchan

Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
Tribe: Cercideae
Genus: Bauhinia
Common name is kachanal, shwet kanchan.
Useful part ;-Its bark and leaves are useful .
Medicinal uses of Bauhinia racemosa;-it is useful in headache, malaria, astringent and diarrhea.


Bauhinia purpurea
rakta kanchan

Kingdom: Plantae 
Division: Magnoliophyta 
Class: Magnoliopsida 
Order: Fabales 
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae 
Tribe: Cercideae Genus: Bauhinia
Species: B. purpurea 
Common name is rakta kanchan,dev kanchan.
Useful part  ;-its root and leaves are useful.
Medicinal uses of Bauhinia purpurea;-it is useful in catarrh, infection of children, boil, glandular and swelling.

Chlorophytum Tuberosum ( Kulai) | Canna Indica | Indian Shot, Kardali | Canna Flower Image

Chlorophytum Tuberosum ( Kulai) 
  Kingdom:Plantae
kulai
Angiosperm:Monocots
Order:Asparagales
 Family:Agavaceae
Genus:Chlorophytum
 Species:C. tuberosum

Common Name :-Kulai

A small tuberous herb; leaves long with wavy margins; flowers white in short branched racemes; in bloom in July; wild in Konkan and round about Poona in pasture lands.
Worth growing in gardens for its wavy leaves and white flowers.
Propagated by tubers.

Canna Indica | Indian Shot, Kardal
Indian Shot


Common Names – Indian Shot, Kardali
A perennial herb with tuberous root stock; bears small but vivid red and yellow flowers.
Found almost everywhere constantly in blossom


Canna Flower Image
A genus of numerous handsome leaved tuberous-rooted plants bearing brilliant flowers varying from white, pale yellow to deep crimson.
They have large Lancelot leaves 1-2m high.
Admirable as plants in wet soil round tanks and pools, in well watered beds under light shade or in pots in sheltered places.
A number of varieties are grown in the gardens. Propagated by division of root-stock.

Curculigo Recurvata | Curculigo Orchioides

Curculigo Recurvata

Family – Amaryllidaceqe

A herb with stout root-stock; a native of Tropical Himalayas, Bengal, Burma; leaves large, lanceolate;
flowers yellow in heads.
There are many variegated forms.
Grown as a hot-house plant. Propagated by offsets and seeds.



Curculigo Orchioides
Musali


Family – Amaryllidaeceae

Common Name – -Musali

A herb with a stout root-stock. Leaves long, linear; flowers rather small, bright yellow; wild in the Konkan, Deccan and Mahabaleshwar.
Propagated by offsets and seeds. Worth growing in the fernery or palm house.

Crinum Latifolium | Defixum | Asiztucum

Crinum Latifolium

Family – Amaryllidaceae.

A herb with a large bulb, leaves many, long, linear, bright – green. Flowers large, 10 – 20 in an umbel, white streaked with streaked with purple down the middle, fragrant; wild in the Konkan, Deccan, Lonavala and Bulbous and Kanara. Propagated by bulbs.
Worth growing in gardens as an ornamental plant.



Crinum Defixum

Family – Amaryllidaceae.

A bulbous herb; leaves linear, deeply channeled, thick, dark – green. Flowers large, 6 -12 in an umbel, white, fragrant at night, found wild in Konkan and S. M. country.
Worth growing in the gardens as an ornamental plant. Propagated by bulbs.




Crinum Asiztucum

Common Name:- Nagdauna.

A herb with tunicated bulb; leaves linear, long, bright – green. Flowers large, 15 – 50 in an umbel, white fragment at night; found wild in the Konkan; often cultivated in gardens in the State. Propagated by bulbs.

Curcuma Zedoaria | Aromatica | Amada | Ran – halad

Curcuma Zedoaria

Family – Scitamineae.
Common Names : - Kachora.
Flowers yellow; flowering bracts green tinged with red; bracts of the coma crimson or purple; cultivated. Flowers in April.



Curcuma Aromatica
Ran-Halad image
Family – Scitamineae
Common Names :- Ran – halad.
Flowers bright yellow; flowering bracts pale – yellowish green; bracts of the coma, pink; will in Konakan, Deccan, Sinhagad near Poor, S.M. country.
Flowers during dry season or shortly after spring showers.


Curcuma Amada
Mango-ginger



Family – Scitamineae.

Common Names :- Mango-ginger; Ambe halad.

Flowering bract greenish white, bract of the coma tinged with red or pink. Wild in Konkan and Gujrat. Often cultivated. Flowers –September.

Adiantum Cuneatum | Adiantum Formosum

Scientific classification of Adiantum Formosum
Adiantum image

Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Pteridophyta
Class: Pteridopsida
Order: Polypodiales
Family: Pteridaceae
Genus: Adiantum
Species: A. formosum
Binomial name Adiantum formosum
Stipe black, glossy, very long. Fronds long, 3-4 pinnate.



Adiantum Cuneatum
Family – Polypodiaceae.
Stipeslender, black bark on stem , naked stem in forest area , polished.
 Frond triangular, 3-4 pinnate.

Thursday, 25 February 2016

Bahava | Cassia fistula

Kingdom: Plantae
Bahava
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Rosidae
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
Tribe: Cassieae
Subtribe: Cassiinae
Genus: Cassia

Common name: Indian laburnum

Description:- it is a small or medium-size tree with compound leaves and large,shining,dark
green leaflets."

Flowers bright yellow, in very large, hanging bunches. fruits 50-60 cm long, black or shining dark brown ,almost cylindric.
the tree is a conspicuous sight in flower as well as in fruit.

Nature :- it 
is a medium sized tree with compound leaves.
leaflets large and shining. flowers are bright yellow and borne in long hanging bunches.
pod is cylindrical and dark brown when ripe.

Distribution: Common in moist and evergreen forest. This tree is found throught india up to an altitude of about,500m .
Special characteristics o
: Beautiful golden yellow flowers in hanging bunch.
the tree is much favoured for planting in road-side avenue and in garden.
Uses:-the bark of this tree is known as "sumari" and is rich in tannins. the timber of the tree is

strong and tough and is suitable for house and bridge posts and agricultural implements.
medicinal uses of Cassia fistula: Seeds and fruit pulp used as mild laxative. tender leaves juice used in the treatment of scabies.
It's a very good avenue and garden tree.
position: Commonly found in the forest.

Aegles marmelos | bel | Images | classification


Common name : bel
Bel
Botanical name: aegle marmelos
Family :rutaceae
nature-a medium-size deciduuous tree bearing strong axillary thorn.

leaves with 3 or 5 leaflets.

flowers greenish-white, sweet-scented,about 2.5cm across, in small bunches.
fruits 8-20 cm diameter, globes, green, finally grevish:

this tree occurs in the submontane region and plains almost throught India.it is also
planted.

 uses:-the wood is suitable for making charcoal for producer gas plants.

the gummy substance, in which the seeds remain embedded, is used as an adhesive,

and in varnishes and cementing mixtures.the rind of unripe fruit yields a yellow

dye.
Habit

It is a tree with strong axillary thorns and trifoliat leaves. fruits are round in shape , woody with orang-coloured sweet aromatic pulp.


Distribution

Throughout india on plains and perfers dry climate.
characteristic of Aegle marmelos
Trioliat leaves used for worshipping'lord shiva'. fruits are edible.


Medicnal uses of Aegle marmelos

Leaves and fruits are used in medicine. fruits cotain mucilage and pectin; and are used in the treatment of diarrhea and dysentery. its pulp gives cooling effect, hence used for preparing "sharbat". unripe fruits used for improving appetite. Fruit pulp used in ayurvedic medicine.

position: Fairly common in in dry parts of india.

Butea monosperma images| flameoftheforest | Palash

Scientific classification of Butea monosperma and image with Taxonomy
Kingdom: Plantae
Palas tree
Palash
Family: Fabaceae
Genus: Butea
Species: B. monosperma

Botanical name:butea monosperma

Description:-palas is well-known tree of india.its scarlet and orange flowers come in such profusion that the tree has been very aptly name the "flame of the forest". leaves compound and each leaf comprising three leaflets
flowers appear in about February to march.the fruit is a flat pod having a single seed.

Distribution:- more common in the plains or lower regions of hills.



Medicianl uses of Palash: Flowers of this plant are diuretic. gum of the tree is known as "bengal kino" and contains tannin, used in the treatment of diarrhea. seeds are used anthelmintic, in the treatment of worms.
Gum "bengal" and flowers yield yellow dye.
provides excellent habitat for lac insect.
leaves used for making plate sand bowls.
this tree is highly valued as a host tree for the lac insect,
the flower yield a yellow dye. Leaves are largely used for making bowls and plates for serving food, and as fodder.

Syzygium Cumuni | Jambhul Fruit Images (Picture)


Classification and taxonomy with Image
Jamun fruit
Syzygium Cumuni jambhul
Kingdom:Plantae
Division:Magnoliophyta
Class:Magnoliopsida
Order:Myrtales
Family:Myrtaceae
Genus:Syzygium
Species:s.cumuni




Description -a large evergreen tree; leaves opposite, 8-20 cm long,leathery, smooth,shining.

Flowers small, dull white, in large bunches.

Fruits 1.5-4 cm long,avoid.,purplish when young, almost black when ripe.

Distribution:-the tree grows in moist deciduous forests,being more common along water channels;it is not found wild in very arid region.

Medicinal Uses:-The fruits is largely eaten raw. The wood is used for miscellaneous purpose.