Friday, 18 March 2016

Ficus racemosa Linn | Umber

Scientific classification of ficus-racemosa
kingdom: plantae
Ficus racemosa Linn.
division: magnoliophyta
class: magnoliopsida
order: rosales
family: moraceae
genus: ficus
species: f. racemosa

Common name : Umber
Family : Moraceae
Distribution : India, Indonesia, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam; Australia
Description : Trees, 4-10 m high, much branched, often with well spreading canopy; bark greyish-white or pinkish, smooth. Leaves simple,alternate, ovate-oblong, elliptic-lanceolate, base cuneate or rarely subcordate, apex subacute or subacuminate, entire, subcoriaceous. Figs in large clusters on the main branches and trunks, c 3 cm across, obovoid, pyriform, pale green to red to purplish on ripening. Seeds c 1 mm long, lenticular, smooth.

Flowering & Fruiting : February – June
Medicinal uses : The fruits are considered astringent, stomachic and carminative; given in menorrhagia, haemoptysis, bronchitis, dry cough, diseases of kidney and spleen. The unripe fruit is astringent to the bowels, tonic and styptic; allays thirst, useful in leucorrhoea. The ripe fruit is acrid and cooling; useful in biliousness, burning sensation, fatigue, urinary discharges, thirst, leprosy, menorrhagia and nose bleeding.

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