Thursday, 25 February 2016

Harmer | Peganum harmala | wild rue

Classification of Peganum harmala

Kingdom: Plantae

Division: Magnoliophyta
gandhya

Class: Magnoliopsida

Order: Sapindales

Family: Nitrariaceae

Species: P. harmala

Common name:- harmer, isband, gandhya, wild rue.

Nature:- it is a shrub about 35-85 cm high.

Leaves:-leaves are mostly 5 to 8 cm long, which is divided into a large indefinite narrow segments.

Flower:-flowers are mostly in 2-3 cm diameter, white in colour which is single in axiles of leaves.

Fruits:- fruits are capsular,having sphere in shape and almost 5-8 mm in diameter,deeply lobed.seeds 3-4 mm long , brownish of , of various shapes and with rediculated seed coat.

Medicinal uses:-the seeds contain several alkaloids and are useful in asthma,fever, jaundice and complains of difficult and menstruation. They are used also as narcotic and emetic.

The seeds yield a red dye . Powdered roots mixed in mustard oil kill lice in hair. The plant, kept in a room repels mosquitoes
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