Thursday, 25 February 2016

Swertia Chirayata

Classification of Swertia Chirayata

Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Gentianales
Family: Gentianaceae
Genus: Swertia

Common names :-nelabevu,kirata-tikta,nila vembu,chirata.

Nature:-It is a herb with height of 1.6 cm. The plant prefers light , medium and heavy soils.

Leaves:-Leaves are mostly appears in opposite pairs, about 12 cm long,  without stalk.

Flowers:-Flowers are mostly pale green , tinged with purple. Its flowering appears from September to October.

Fruits:-Fruits are likely 8  mm long and ovoid in shape.

Meidcinal Uses:-Chirayata is known as its bitter is given in malerial is given in fever and weakness. It is well known for its stomachal property also. It also contains xanthones, which are reputedly effective against malaria and tuberculosis, and also amarogentin, a glycoside that may protect the liver against carbon tetrachloride poisoning.

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Medicinal plants and its Uses and Images with scientific classification.