Friday, 18 March 2016

Ziziphus rugosa Lamk | Toran

 Ziziphus rugosa Lamk.
Botanical name : Ziziphus rugosa Lamk.

Common name : Toran

Family : Rhamnaceae

Distribution : China, India, Laos, Burma, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Vietnam.

Description : A large straggling shrub, armed with recurved prickles, sometimes climbing; young branches clothed with fulvous tomentum. Leaves elliptic, often rounded from an oblique or cordate base, 5-13 cm long, densely tawny-villous and paler beneath. Flowers small greenish-yellow in cymes, arranged in long axillary or terminal much branched, drooping panicles, often up to 30 cm long. Fruit a drupe, globose or pear-shaped, about 2 cm long.

Flowering & Fruiting : December – Ferbruary
Medicinal uses : The plant bark, roots and fruits are used in treatment of carbuncle, menorrhea, syphilis and ulcer tounge. Stem and root hypotensive. The flowers with an equal quantity of the petioles of the betel leaf and half as much lime are given in 4 grain pills twice a day for menorrhagia.
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